Health 2006

Thursday, June 22, 2006

Impact of family history...


For children born in the United States in 2000, the lifetime risk of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at some point in their lives is estimated to be 30 percent for boys and 40 percent for girls, and the lifetime risk for developing type 2 diabetes is even higher among ethnic minority groups at birth and at all ages. Type 2 diabetes is rapidly becoming a disease of children and adolescents. In case reports limited to the 1990s, type 2 diabetes accounted for 8 to 45 percent of all new pediatric cases of diabetes—in contrast with fewer than 4 percent before the 1990s. The obesity epidemic may reduce overall adult life expectancy because it increases lifetime risk for type 2 diabetes and other serious chronic disease conditions, thereby potentially reversing the improved life expectancy trend achieved with the reduction of infectious diseases over the past century. Obesity can also lead to metabolic syndrome, arthritis, cancer, and CVD.
Impact of Family History
Genetics is a factor in excess weight but it is not the explanation for the recent epidemic of obesity. While having obese parents more than doubles a child's risk of being obese, genetic characteristics of human populations have not changed in the last two decades, while the prevalence of obesity has approximately doubled.
High-Risk Populations
There is evidence that certain ethnic minority populations, children in low socioeconomic status families, and children in the country's southern region tend to have higher rates of obesity than the rest of the population. Although it should be noted that is difficult to separate out racial and ethnic influences from socioeconomic factors that increase obesity risk. The current increase is especially evident among African-American, Hispanic and American Indian adolescents. With both sexes combined, up to 24 percent of African-American and Hispanic children are above the 95th percentile. Among boys, the highest prevalence of obesity is observed in Hispanics and among girls, the highest prevalence is observed in African-Americans.
Eating Less vs. Moving More
Based on intake and physical activity data, the increase in the number of obese children is likely the result of a combination of children and youth eating more calories than they are using through daily physical activity. Weight gain results when energy expenditure is consistently exceeded by energy intake over time. Achieving energy balance is important for children so that energy intake is equal to energy expenditure while supporting normal growth and development without promoting excessive weight gain.Therefore both are important components in reversing the obesity trend.
For more information please visit http://www.iom.edu/Object.File/Master/22/606/FINALfactsandfigures2.pdf
Weight control tips from Liudmila:
Exercise daily! You would be amaized how walking can help you get rid of unwanted pounds.
Do not drink 'junk' (Coca-Cola).
Smile and be in a good mood no matter what!!!

1 Comments:

  • At 10:29 PM, Blogger hetera (UK) said…

    Eating Less vs. Moving More:)I like this part the most:)It seems simple to move but as I can see,many children are too lazy even for that!

     

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